|Terminator 2: Judgment Day|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||James Cameron|
|Produced by||James Cameron|
|Music by||Brad Fiedel|
|Distributed by||TriStar Pictures|
|Box office||$523.7 million|
Terminator 2: Judgment Day (often shortened to Terminator 2 or T2) is a 1991 American science-fiction action film co-written, produced, and directed by James Cameron. The film stars Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Robert Patrick, and Edward Furlong as its principal cast. It is the sequel to the 1984 film The Terminator, as well as the second installment in the Terminator franchise. Terminator 2 follows Sarah Connor (Hamilton) and her ten-year-old son John (Furlong) as they are pursued by a new, more advanced Terminator: the liquid metal, shapeshifting T-1000 (Patrick), sent back in time to kill John Connor and prevent him from becoming the leader of the human resistance. A second, less advanced Terminator (Schwarzenegger) is also sent back in time to protect John.
Terminator 2: Judgement Day was released in the United States on July 3, 1991. Its visual effects saw breakthroughs in computer-generated imagery, including the first use of natural human motion for a computer-generated character and the first partially computer-generated main character. It was a critical and commercial success and influenced popular culture, especially the use of visual effects in films. It received several accolades, including Academy Awards for Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing, Best Makeup, and Best Visual Effects. The highest-grossing film of 1991 and of Schwarzenegger’s career, Terminator 2 has since been named by several publications such as the American Film Institute as one of the greatest action films, science fiction films, and sequels of all time. The film was followed by another sequel in 2003 titled Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, and the upcoming sixth film in the series will serve as an alternate sequel to the film and reboot the series from Rise of the Machines onwards, slated for a release in 2019. In 2017, Terminator 2 was re-released in 3D 4K resolution for AMC and Cineplex theaters, debuting at number one in the United Kingdom on its release weekend.
In 1995, John Connor is living in Los Angeles with foster parents. His mother Sarah Connor had been preparing him throughout his childhood for his future role as the Human Resistance leader against Skynet – the artificial intelligence that will be given control of the United States’ nuclear missiles and initiate a nuclear holocaust called “Judgment Day” on August 29, 1997 – but was arrested and imprisoned at a mental hospital after attempting to bomb a computer factory. In 2029, Skynet sends a new Terminator, designated as T-1000, back in time to kill John. The T-1000 is an advanced prototype made out of mimetic poly-alloy (referred to as “liquid metal”) that gives it the ability to take on the shape and appearance of almost anything it touches, and to transform his arms into blades and other shapes at will. The T-1000 arrives under a freeway, kills a policeman and assumes his identity. Meanwhile, the future John Connor has sent back a reprogrammed T-800 (Model 101) Terminator to protect his young self.
The Terminator and the T-1000 converge on John in a shopping mall, and a chase ensues after which John and the Terminator escape together on a motorcycle. Fearing that the T-1000 will kill Sarah in order to get to him, John orders the Terminator to help free her, after discovering that the Terminator must follow his orders. They encounter Sarah as she is escaping from the hospital, although she is initially reluctant to trust the T-800. After the trio escapes from the T-1000 in a police car, the Terminator informs John and Sarah about Skynet’s history. In addition, it would create machines that will hunt and kill the remnants of humanity. Sarah learns that the man most directly responsible for Skynet’s creation is Miles Bennett Dyson, a Cyberdyne Systems engineer working on a revolutionary new neural net processor that will form the basis for Skynet.
Sarah gathers weapons from an old friend and plans to flee with John to Mexico, but after having a nightmare about Judgment Day, she instead sets out to kill Dyson in order to prevent Judgment Day from occurring. Finding him at his home, she wounds him but finds herself unable to kill him in front of his family. John and the Terminator arrive and inform Dyson of the future consequences of his work. They learn that much of his research has been reverse engineered from the damaged CPU and the right arm of the previous Terminator. Convincing him that these items and his designs must be destroyed, they break into the Cyberdyne building, retrieve the CPU and the arm, and set explosives to destroy Dyson’s lab. The police arrive and Dyson is fatally shot, but he rigs an improvised dead man’s switch that detonates the explosives when he dies. The T-1000 relentlessly pursues the surviving trio, eventually cornering them in a steel mill.
The T-1000 and the T-800 engage in physical combat and the more advanced model seriously damages and shuts down the T-800. However, unbeknownst to the T-1000, the T-800 brings itself back online using emergency power. The T-1000 nearly kills John and Sarah but the T-800 takes it by surprise and blasts it into a vat of molten steel with an M79 grenade launcher, destroying it. John tosses the arm and CPU of the original Terminator into the vat as well. As Sarah expresses relief that the ordeal is over, the Terminator explains that to ensure that it is not used for reverse engineering it must also be destroyed. It asks Sarah to assist in lowering it into the vat of molten steel, since it is unable to “self-terminate”. Although John begs the Terminator to reconsider, it bids them farewell and hugs a tearful John before it is lowered into the vat, giving a final thumbs-up as it disappears into the molten steel. John and Sarah drive down a highway and Sarah says in a voice over, “The unknown future rolls toward us. I face it for the first time with a sense of hope. Because if a machine, a Terminator, can learn the value of human life, maybe we can too.”
- An android, built as a synthetic organism composed of living tissue over a titanium “hyperalloy” endoskeleton, reprogrammed and sent back in time to protect John Connor, becoming his surrogate father in the process. Schwarzenegger was reportedly paid $15 million for the role.
- The ten-year-old son of Sarah, given survival training from a young age, but taken into foster care after his mother is institutionalized. Furlong was discovered by casting director Mali Finn while visiting the Pasadena Boys and Girls Club. Furlong, who had no acting ambitions at the time, stated, “I fell into [acting], it wasn’t something that I planned”. The adult John of 2029 AD is played by Michael Edwards.
- Mother of John, the future leader of the Resistance in the war against Skynet. Hamilton reprised her role from the 1984 film for a salary of $1 million. In preparation for the role, Hamilton underwent an extensive thirteen-week training regimen with personal trainer Anthony Cortes, training for three hours each day, six days a week before filming began. She additionally lost 12 pounds (5.4 kg) on a nonfat diet, conducted throughout the film’s six-month shoot. Actor and former Israeli commando Uzi Gal provided her with training for her action scenes. On her work with Gal, Hamilton stated that she undertook “judo and heavy-duty military training” and “learned to load clips, change mags, check out a room upon entry, verify kills.” Hamilton’s twin sister Leslie Hamilton Gearren also portrayed Sarah when it was required that there be two of the character in the same shot.
- An advanced shapeshifting prototypical Terminator composed of liquid metal sent back in time to assassinate John. Cameron stated that he “wanted to find someone who would be a good contrast to Arnold. If the 800 series [the model played by Schwarzenegger] is a kind of human Panzer tank, then the 1000 series had to be a Porsche.”
- Joe Morton as Miles Bennett Dyson:
- Director of special projects at Cyberdyne, whose research will lead to the formation of Skynet, Dyson has a wife and children.
- Earl Boen as Dr. Peter Silberman:
- As Sarah’s psychiatrist, Boen reprises his character from the 1984 film. Dr. Silberman is trying to convince Sarah that the Terminator isn’t real, but when he witnesses the T-1000 and T-800 he begins to doubt himself.
The cast was rounded out with Jenette Goldstein and Xander Berkeley, who portray John’s foster parents, Janelle and Todd Voight. S. Epatha Merkerson plays Tarissa Dyson, the wife of Miles Dyson. Cástulo Guerraplays Sarah’s friend, Enrique Salceda, who provides her with weapons. Danny Cooksey plays Tim, John’s friend. Michael Biehn returned to the series as Kyle Reese, a soldier from 2029, in a short appearance in Sarah’s dream. Biehn’s scene was not featured in the theatrical release of the film, but it was restored in extended versions of the film. Hamilton’s then-twenty-month-old son Dalton plays her on-screen son in a dream sequence set in a playground. Sven-Ole Thorsen played a security guard when John is at the Galleria with his friend Tim. DeVaughn Nixon played Danny Dyson, the son of Miles and Tarissa Dyson.
Talk of a potential sequel to The Terminator arose soon after its release, but several outstanding issues precluded such a production. There were technical limitations regarding computer-generated imagery, a vital aspect of the film that would be crucial in the creation of the T-1000 Terminator. The production of James Cameron’s 1989 film The Abyssprovided the proof of concept needed to satisfactorily resolve the technical concerns. Perhaps more serious were the intellectual property disputes between Hemdale Film Corporation, which owned the franchise and stymied efforts to produce a sequel, and Carolco Pictures. Given that Hemdale was then experiencing financial problems, Arnold Schwarzenegger urged Mario Kassar, head of Carolco, to bid for the rights: “I reminded Mario that this is something that we’ve been looking for four years, and that it should be him that should go all-out, no matter what it takes to make this deal.” Carolco eventually paid Hemdale $5 million for the franchise in 1990, resolving the legal gridlock.
The end of the legal disputes coincided with the willingness and availability of Cameron, Schwarzenegger, and Hamilton to participate in the sequel; Schwarzenegger, who portrayed the Terminator in the first film, commented: “I always felt we should continue the story of The Terminator, I told Jim that right after we finished the first film.” He and Hamilton reprised their respective roles from the first Terminator film. After an extensive casting search, 13-year-old Edward Furlong was selected from hundreds of candidates to portray John Connor; Robert Patrick was chosen to play the T-1000 Terminator because his agility would emphasize the disparity between the advanced T-1000 and Schwarzenegger’s older T-800 (Cameron characterized the two as “a Porsche” and “a human Panzer tank” respectively). Patrick had previously appeared in the action feature Die Hard 2, but Furlong had no formal acting experience. Joe Morton was picked to portray Miles Dyson, a Cyberdyne scientist who helped develop the new CPU for the T-800 Terminators.
Calling themselves T2 Productions, James and co-producers Stephanie Austin and B.J. Rack rented an office in North Hollywood before starting to assemble the crew for Terminator 2. Adam Greenberg, who worked on The Terminator and Ghost (1990), became director of photography, while Joseph Nemec III, who had worked with Cameron on The Abyss, was tasked with production design. The team conducted a national search for a steel mill suitable for the film’s climax, eventually selecting a dormant mill in Fontana, California, after weeks of negotiations. Locating a potential Cyberdyne building was more difficult, as the site was to host numerous stunts, shootouts, and explosions. An industrial park in Fremont, California, was eventually rented for the duration of the film’s production. Cameron and William Wisher completed the 140-page screenplay draft on May 10, 1990, and by July 15, the first shooting draft had been distributed to the cast and crew; particulars of the technically detailed scripts were shrouded in secrecy. Both the six-week turnaround for the script and the film’s accelerated production schedule were to enable a 1991 Fourth of July release.
Principal photography of Terminator 2 spanned 171 days between October 9, 1990, and March 28, 1991, during which the crew filmed at the Mojave Desert before visiting 20 different sites throughout California and New Mexico. These locations ran the gamut from the crowded Santa Monica Placeshopping mall, where the two Terminators converged on John, with brief shots coming from the Westfield MainPlace and Los Cerritos Center, to flood control channels in the San Fernando Valley, which played host to the chase between the Terminators and John; a river had to be redirected to allow filming on the otherwise wet channels. Cameron and his crew also filmed Terminator 2 at The Corral Bar and the Lake View Medical Center (known as Pescadero State Hospital for the Criminally Insane in the film), both located in Lake View Terrace. The external shots of Cyberdyne Systems Corporation were filmed on location at an office building on the corner of Gateway Boulevard and Bayside Parkway in Fremont, California. Working with up to 1,000 crew members, the production team oversaw numerous stunts and chase sequences, the most notable of which took place on the Los Angeles–Long Beach Terminal Island Freeway, prior to Terminator 2‘s climax. Ten miles (16 km) of electric cables were laid to illuminate the night-time chase, which saw a full-scale helicopter crash, a sliding tanker, and other elaborate paraphernalia.
Hamilton’s twin sister, Leslie Hamilton Gearren, was used in some shots that required two Sarahs, including a scene where Sarah and John perform repairs on the Terminator’s head (deleted from the theatrical release, but restored on the extended edition), and in some of the shots where the T-1000 impersonates Sarah. Gearren is playing whichever “Sarah” is farthest from the camera, alternating between the real Sarah and the T-1000 based on camera position. Linda Hamilton’s son, Dalton Abbott, appeared as the toddler John Connor in Sarah’s nuclear nightmare. Another set of twins, Don and Dan Stanton, were used to depict a scene where the T-1000 mimics a guard at the asylum.
An unprecedented budget of at least $94 million (1991 dollars)—3.5 times the cost of the average film and approximately 15 times the $6.4 million budget of The Terminator—was reserved for Terminator 2 making it the most expensive film made up to that point. A significant proportion of this was for actor and film-crew salaries. According to The Daily Sentinel and The Daily Beast, Arnold Schwarzenegger was given a $11–12 million Gulfstream III business jet, while $5–6 million was allocated towards James Cameron’s salary. The production itself, which included special effects and stunts, totalled $51 million. Although the film was commonly described by the media as the most expensive film ever made at the time, if adjusted for inflation, Cleopatra (1963), would have cost $219 million in 1995 dollars. Despite the significant expenditure, the film had nearly recovered its budget prior to its release. Worldwide rights were sold for $65 million, video rights for $10 million, and television rights for $7 million.
Terminator 2 made extensive use of computer-generated imagery (CGI) to vivify the main two Terminators. The use of such technology was the most ambitious since the 1982 and 1984 science fiction films Tron and The Last Starfighter respectively, and would be integral to the critical success of the film. CGI was required particularly for the T-1000, a “mimetic poly-alloy” (liquid metal) structure, since the shapeshifting character can transform into almost anything it touches. Most of the key Terminator effects were provided by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) for computer graphics and Stan Winston for practical effects. Creation of the visual effects cost $5 million and took 35 people, including animators, computer scientists, technicians and artists, ten months to produce, for a total of 25 man-years. Despite the large amount of time spent, the CGI sequences only total five minutes of running time. Enlisted to produce articulated puppets and prosthetic effects was Stan Winston’s studio, who was also responsible for the metal skeleton effects of the T-800. ILM’s Visual Effects Supervisor, Dennis Muren, remarked, “We still have not lost the spirit of amazement when we see … [the visual effects on the T-1000] coming up.” Such was the role and creation of CGI that the visual-effects team was awarded the 1992 Academy Award for Best Visual Effects.
For Sarah’s nuclear nightmare scene, Robert and Dennis Skotak of 4-Ward Production constructed a cityscape of Los Angeles using large-scale miniature buildings and realistic roads and vehicles. The pair, after having studied actual footages of nuclear tests, then simulated the nuclear blast by using air mortars to knock over the cityscape, including the intricately built buildings.
Release and reception
Terminator 2 had its worldwide premiere at the Cineplex Odeon Century Plaza Cinemas in Century City, Los Angeles, on July 1, 1991, attended by VIPs including Nicolas Cage, Christian Slater, Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife Maria Shriver. Following its domestic release on July 3, the film was progressively distributed to cinemas in Australia, Germany, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Spain, and at least ten other countries by the year’s end.
Terminator 2: Judgment Day received widespread critical acclaim. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes – established on the Web in 1998 – retroactively reports that the film earned 92% positive reviews, based on 76 reviews with an average score of 8.4/10. The website’s critical consensus reads: “T2 features thrilling action sequences and eye-popping visual effects, but what takes this sci-fi/action landmark to the next level is the depth of the human (and cyborg) characters.” On Metacritic, the film has an average score of 75 out of 100 from 22 critics, indicating “generally favorable reviews”. CinemaScore reported that audiences gave the film a rare “A+” grade.
The Montreal Film Journal called it “one of the best crafted Hollywood action flicks.” Syd Field lauded the plot of Terminator 2, writing: “every scene sets up the next, like links in a chain of dramatic action.” Roger Ebert, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, gave the film 3.5 stars out of 4, and wrote: “Schwarzenegger’s genius as a movie star is to find roles that build on, rather than undermine, his physical and vocal characteristics.” Hal Hinson, reviewer for The Washington Post, was also positive, writing that: “No one in the movies today can match Cameron’s talent for this kind of hyperbolic, big-screen action. Cameron, who directed the first Terminator and Aliens, doesn’t just slam us over the head with the action. In staging the movie’s gigantic set pieces, he has an eye for both grandeur and beauty; he possesses that rare director’s gift for transforming the objects he shoots so that we see, for example, the lyrical muscularity of an 18-wheel truck. Because of Cameron, the movie is the opposite of its Terminator character; it’s a machine with a human heart.” Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune was enthusiastic about the film, giving it 3 1/2 stars: “thanks to some truly spectacular and at times mystifying special effects – as well as some surprisingly solid acting – this is one terrific action picture, more enjoyable than the original”.
Halliwell’s Film Guide rated the film as an improvement on its predecessor, giving it two stars out of four and describing it as a “thunderous, high-voltage action movie with dazzling special effects that provide a distraction from the often silly narrative.” Writing for Time, Richard Corliss was far less pleased, stating that the film was a “humongous, visionary parable that intermittently enthralls and ultimately disappoints. T2 is half of a terrific movie—the wrong half.” Leonard Maltin gave the movie only 2 1/2 stars, stating, “like o many sequels, lacks the freshness of the first film and gives us no one to root for.”
Opening in 2,274 theaters in the United States, Terminator 2 earned a then record $52 million during its Fourth of July five-day opening weekend. In terms of the traditional three day – Friday to Sunday – period however, the film made $31 million, the second-biggest opening weekend of all time after Batman‘s $42 million opening in 1989. Elsewhere, the film grossed $3.4 million in Australia and $7.1 million in Germany during their opening weekends in September and October 1991, respectively.
Terminator 2 was a box-office success, earning $204.8 million in the United States and Canada alone, and $519.8 million worldwide. Its domestic total was 3.9 times its opening weekend; adjusted for inflation, its release is the tenth-highest grossing of all time for an R-rated film, and among summer releases behind only National Lampoon’s Animal House. Globally, it was the highest-grossing film of 1991, beating Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, the third-biggest global grosser ever just behind Star Wars ($530 million prior to the 1997 reissue) and E.T.: the Extra Terrestrial ($619 million before its various reissues) and is TriStar Pictures‘ highest-grossing film to date. Moreover, it was the first film to earn more than $300 million overseas, a milestone not repeated until the release of Jurassic Park in 1993. The film is ranked 110 in box office earnings of all time in the U.S. and Canada, and 84 worldwide. The original Terminator grossed $38 million in the U.S. in its theatrical run, with Terminator 2 achieving 434 percent increase in box office revenue. The film sold an estimated 48,656,400 tickets in North America.
|1991||British Academy Film Awards||Best Production Design||Joseph Nemec III||Nominated|
|Best Sound||Lee Orloff, Tom Johnson, Gary Rydstrom, Gary Summers||Won|
|Best Special Visual Effects||Stan Winston, Dennis Muren, Gene Warren Jr, Robert Skotak||Won|
|Saturn Award||Best Actress||Linda Hamilton||Won|
|Best Direction||James Cameron||Won|
|Best Performance by a Younger Actor||Edward Furlong||Won|
|Best Science Fiction Film||Terminator 2: Judgment Day||Won|
|Best Special Effects||Stan Winston, ILM, Fantasy II & 4 Ward Productions||Won|
|Best Actor||Arnold Schwarzenegger||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Robert Patrick||Nominated|
|Best Writing||James Cameron, William Wisher, Jr.||Nominated|
|A.S.C. Awards||Best Cinematography||Adam Greenberg||Nominated|
|1992||18th People’s Choice Awards||Favorite Motion Picture||Terminator 2: Judgment Day||Won|
|64th Academy Awards||Best Cinematography||Adam Greenberg||Nominated|
|Best Makeup||Stan Winston and Jeff Dawn||Won|
|Best Sound||Tom Johnson, Gary Rydstrom, Gary Summers and Lee Orloff||Won|
|Best Sound Editing||Gary Rydstrom and Gloria S. Borders||Won|
|Best Visual Effects||Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Gene Warren Jr. and Robert Skotak||Won|
|Best Film Editing||Conrad Buff, Mark Goldblatt and Richard A. Harris||Nominated|
|1992 MTV Movie Awards||Best Action Sequence||“L.A. Freeway Scene”||Won|
|Best Breakthrough Performance||Edward Furlong||Won|
|Best Female Performance||Linda Hamilton||Won|
|Best Male Performance||Arnold Schwarzenegger||Won|
|Best Movie||Terminator 2: Judgment Day||Won|
|Best Song From a Movie||“You Could Be Mine” by Guns N’ Roses||Nominated|
|Best Villain||Robert Patrick||Nominated|
|Most Desirable Female||Linda Hamilton||Won|
|Hugo Award||Best Dramatic Presentation||James Cameron (director, screenplay), William Wisher, Jr. (screenplay)||Won|
|Eddie Award||Best Editing||Conrad Buff IV, Mark Goldblatt, Richard A. Harris||Nominated|
|Japanese Academy Awards||Outstanding Foreign Language Film||Ryuu Masayuki||Nominated|
On August 29, 2016 (August 29, 1997, being the date when Skynet becomes self-aware in the films), it was announced that the film would be digitally remastered in 3D to commemorate its 25th anniversary, with a worldwide re-release planned for summer 2017. The version to be remastered and rereleased in 3D was the original 137 minute theatrical cut, as the extended edition is not James Cameron’s preferred version. Multiple camera shots from the opening chase sequence were digitally altered to fix a minor continuity error which had bugged Cameron since the 1991 release. DMG Entertainment and StudioCanalworked together with Cameron to convert the film using the StereoD technology. The 3D version premiered on February 17, 2017, at the Berlin International Film Festival, with the theatrical re-release being scheduled for August 25, 2017. Similar to Cameron’s Titanic 3D, Lightstorm Entertainment oversaw the work on the 3D version of Terminator 2, which took around 1800 artists about eight months to finish. The restoration was released by Distrib Films US, a company which typically distributes foreign films. The studio released the film exclusively for one week in AMC Theatres nationwide, and said that it will expand depending on the film’s performances in its first week.
The 3D version opened Friday, August 25, 2017, across 371 theaters (or 463 3D auditoriums), earning $552,773 in its opening weekend, averaging $1,490 per screen; this was considered an amount lower than what other ’80s and ’90s re-releases earned in their respective opening weekends such as Top Gun ($1.9 million, which also played in IMAX), Raiders of the Lost Ark ($1.6 million), as well as more high-profile reissues of Titanic, The Lion King and Jurassic Park over the last several years. During its opening weekend, Titanic 3D grossed $17.3 million in 2,674 theaters, averaging $6,464 in April 2012. While not major contributing factors, the release performance of the film is thought to have suffered from coinciding with Hurricane Harvey, which eased moviegoing admissions in many parts of the country, the much anticipated boxing fight between Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Conor McGregor, and the season 7 finale of Game of Thrones.
The 137 minute theatrical cut of the movie was first released on VHS in November 1991. On November 24, 1993, the Terminator 2: Judgment Day – Special Edition cut of the film was released to Laserdisc and VHS, containing 15 minutes of previously unseen footage including scenes with Michael Biehn reprising his role as Kyle Reese in a dream sequence. Some scenes, however, were still not included in the two-cassette VHS cut. In October 1997, the film received its first DVD release which featured the original theatrical cut.
The “Extreme Edition” DVD has several DVD-ROM features, including an “Infiltration Unit Simulator” and the “T2 FX Studio”, an application where images of a person can be imported and transformed into a T-800 or T-1000, and the “Skynet Combat Chassis Designer”, a program where viewers could build a fighting machine and be able to track progress online. The Extreme DVD also contains a WMV-HD theatrical edition of T2, where the film could be watched, for the first time, in Full HD 1080p format.
In 2006, Lionsgate released a Blu-ray of the film that is presented in a slightly washed-out 1080p transfer and included no special features and a DTS 5.1 audio track from the DVDs instead of a lossless audio track. On May 19, 2009, Lionsgate re-released the film on Blu-ray in the form of a “Skynet Edition”, with an enhanced and improved video transfer, as well as a THX certified DTS-HD Master Audio 6.1 audio. This edition has a runtime of 152 minutes. The Skynet Edition also saw a limited collector’s edition encased in an Endoskull, including the 2009 Blu-ray, as well as the Extreme Edition and Ultimate Edition DVDs and a digital copy of the film.
On July 2017, two new Blu-ray releases of the film were announced. First, a 4K remaster, and later a Blu-ray 3D release of the 3D conversion due out in August 2017. These re-releases would include new extras, including trailers, making-of documentaries, and “Seamless Branching of the Theatrical cut, Director’s Cut and Special extended edition”. Additionally, an “Endo-arm Special Edition” bundle was announced, including both the 3D and 4K versions, and a CD audio soundtrack.
In 2015, Sony released the extended version of the film as part of the Terminator Quadrilogy box set containing the first four Terminator films. However, it featured no special features. The subsequent “Ultimate Edition” and “Extreme Edition” DVD releases also included the extended version of the film.
Alongside other numerous re-added deleted scenes, the Extended Edition features an alternate ending, which shows an elderly Sarah Connor watching an adult John, who is a U.S. Senator, playing with his daughter in a Washington playground in the year 2029, narrating that Judgment Day never happened. The extended version of the film is also included in the “Skynet Edition” Blu-ray.
The film was adapted by Marvel Comics as a three issue miniseries, which was collected into a trade paperback. In the years following its release, several books based on the film were released, including Malibu Comics Terminator 2 – Judgment Day: Cybernetic Dawn, Terminator 2 – Judgment Day: Nuclear Twilight, IDW Comics T2: Infiltrator, T2: Rising Storm and T2: Future War’ by S.M. Stirling, and The John Connor Chronicles by Russell Blackford.
In 1996, Cameron directed an attraction at Universal Studios Theme Parks, titled T2 3-D: Battle Across Time, which saw the return of Schwarzenegger, Hamilton, Patrick, and Furlong to their respective roles. Costing $60 million to produce, with a running time of only 12 minutes, it became the most expensive venture per minute in the history of film. The attraction opened in the Universal Studios Florida in mid-1996, with additional venues opening in the Universal Studios Hollywood in May 1999, and the Universal Studios Japan in March 2001.
|Terminator 2: Judgment Day (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)|
|Film score by Brad Fiedel|
|Released||July 1, 1991|
|Producer||Brad Fiedel, Robert Townson|
The score by Brad Fiedel was commercially released as the Terminator 2: Judgment Day (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) CD and cassette tape and contained twenty tracks with a runtime of 53 minutes. The score spent six weeks on the Billboard 200, reaching a peak of No. 70. The album was re-issued in 2010 by Silva Screen Records and featured a collectible booklet. In the DVD commentary, Fiedel mentions that the recurring metallic sound in the main title was produced by hitting a cast-iron frying pan with a hammer.
|Terminator 2: Judgment Day (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)|
|1.||“Main Title from “Terminator 2″”||1:56|
|2.||“Sarah on the Run”||2:31|
|3.||“Escape from the Hospital (And T-1000)”||4:34|
|5.||“Sarah’s Dream (Nuclear Nightmare)”||1:49|
|6.||“Attack on Dyson (Sarah’s Solution)”||4:07|
|7.||“Our Gang Goes to Cyberdyne”||3:11|
|9.||“John & Dyson into Vault”||0:41|
|10.||“SWAT Team Attacks”||3:22|
|11.||“”I’ll Be Back””||3:58|
|14.||“”Hasta La Vista, Baby” (T-1000 Freezes)”||3:02|
|15.||“Into the Steel Mill”||1:25|
|20.||“”It’s Over” (“Good-bye”)”||4:36|
Songs not included within the soundtrack
- “Guitars, Cadillacs” – performed by Dwight Yoakam
- “Bad to the Bone” – performed by George Thorogood & the Destroyers
- “You Could Be Mine” – performed by Guns N’ Roses
In June 2001, the American Film Institute (AFI) ranked Terminator 2 at number 77 on the AFI’s 100 Years…100 Thrills, a list of films considered to be the most thrilling in film history. In 2003, the AFI released the AFI’s 100 Years…100 Heroes and Villains, a list of the 100 greatest screen heroes and villains of all time. The Terminator, as portrayed by Schwarzenegger in Terminator 2: Judgment Day, was ranked at number 48 on the list of heroes, as well as at number 22 on the list of villains for its appearance in the first Terminator film. The character was the only entry to appear on both lists, though they are different characters based on the same model. In 2005, Schwarzenegger’s famous quote “Hasta la vista, baby” was ranked at number 76 on the AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movie Quotes best film quotes list.
The film placed number 33 on Total Film‘s 2006 list of The Top 100 Films of All Time. Empire ranked the film number 35 on its list of The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time. In 2008, the film was voted the eighth-best science fiction film ever on AFI’s 10 Top 10. IGN named the film the tenth-greatest science fiction film of all time, saying that it was “one example of a sequel coming along and just destroying the original in every regard.” Empire ranked Terminator 2: Judgment Day as the third-best film sequel of all time. In 2012, Total Film placed the film at eighth place on its list of “50 Sequels That Were Better Than The Original”. In 2016, Playboy ranked the film number one on its list of 15 Sequels That Are Way Better Than The Originals. Richard Roeper named Judgment Day the third-best film sequel ever made, stating that it “surpasses the original in every level.”
American Film Institute recognition
- 2001: AFI’s 100 Years…100 Thrills – #77
- 2003: AFI’s 100 Years…100 Heroes & Villains:
- Terminator – #48 Hero
- 2005: AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movie Quotes:
- “Hasta la vista, baby.” – #76
- 2008: AFI’s 10 Top 10 – #8 Science Fiction Film
Robert Patrick makes a cameo appearance in Wayne’s World (1992) as the T-1000 character in a scene where he pulls Wayne’s car over, holds up a photo of John Connor and asks, “Have you seen this boy?”, to which Wayne, being presumably a fan of The Terminator franchise and knowing T-1000 as a time-travelling assassin, screams in panic and drives away from him. Patrick also makes a cameo appearance as the T-1000 in Last Action Hero (1993), when he is seen walking by Schwarzenegger as he enters Los Angeles Police Department headquarters. In the same film, actor Sylvester Stallone is featured as the Terminator on a Terminator 2 poster instead of Schwarzenegger. In Hot Shots! Part Deux (1993), a caricature of Saddam Hussein is frozen, shattered, and reformed in a direct parody of the T-1000 from the final scene of Terminator 2.
The opening credits show four burning horses of a carousel as the allegory of the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.
The film is referenced multiple times in a variety of animated series, such as The Simpsons, including episodes “Homer Loves Flanders” (1994), “Treehouse of Horror VI” (1995), “The Simpsons 138th Episode Spectacular” (1995), and “Day of the Jackanapes” (2001). The film is also parodied in Family Guy and American Dad!. Additionally in the 2014 film The Lego Movie, Wyldstyle says to Emmet, “Come with me if you wanna not die.” A trailer for WWE 2K16 reenacts the bar scene with Schwarzenegger interacting with various wrestlers.
Terminator 2 was followed by Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), Terminator Salvation (2009) and Terminator Genisys (2015). All were made without Cameron; Schwarzenegger returned for Terminator 3 and Genisys.
While Genisys was intended to start a new rebooted trilogy, its disappointing critical and commercial performance determined that the upcoming sixth film will serve as an alternate sequel to Judgment Day, ignoring the events from Rise of the Machines onwards. The film is scheduled for a release in 2019, with Cameron, Schwarzenegger and Hamilton returning.
- In The Terminator, Sarah was informed by Kyle Reese that Skynet would become self-aware and initiate a nuclear war. In Terminator 2, August 29, 1997 is mentioned by Sarah to Dr Silberman as Judgment Day, indicating that Kyle originally disclosed this information to her “offscreen”. During its conversation with Sarah and John, the T-800 elaborates, saying “In three years, Cyberdyne will become the largest supplier of military computer systems … The system goes online on August 4th, 1997. Human decisions are removed from strategic defence. Skynet begins to learn at a geometric rate. It becomes self-aware 2:14 AM, Eastern time, August 29th.”
- The character of Dr. Silberman is described in The Terminator as a psychologist. In the sequels Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, the character is retconned as a psychiatrist.
- “Terminator 2 Judgment Day”. British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved December 4,2013.
- Ansen, David (July 7, 1991). “Conan The Humanitarian”. Newsweek. Archived from the original on July 26, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)”. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on October 10, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)”. Allmovie. Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- “Visual and Special Effects Film Milestones”. Filmsite.org. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. Retrieved January 13,2012.
- “50 Most Influential Visual Effects Film of All Time” (PDF). Visual Effects Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 12, 2007. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day Nominations and Awards”. Amctv.com. Archived from the original on May 15, 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
- Hanna Flint (4 December 2017). “Terminator 2: Sarah Connor isn’t the feminist icon James Cameron thinks she is… but she could be”. Metro. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018.
- “‘Terminator 2′ 3D re-release opens top at UK box office”. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 2 October2017.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine (December 10, 1990). “The Hole in Hollywood’s Pocket”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 6, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
Arnold Schwarzenegger… will earn $12 million from Carolco Pictures for The Terminator II [sic].
- Stevenson, Richard W. (April 14, 1991). “Taming Hollywood’s Spending Monster”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 6, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
Despite denials by Carolco Pictures, industry executives insist that its upcoming Terminator 2: Judgment Day cost almost $90 million to produce… Arnold Schwarzenegger, the star, is reportedly being paid $15 million.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 11:49.
- “Edward Furlong”. Toronto Comicon. Archived from the originalon January 15, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- Janusonis, Michael (July 7, 1991). “A role with muscle for Linda Hamilton”. Providence Journal. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Dougherty, Margot (July 12, 1991). “A New Body of Work”. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 17:32.
- Lambie, Ryan (July 3, 2011). “Terminator 2: Judgment Day at 20”. Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- Goscilo, Margaret (1987). “Deconstructing ‘The Terminator‘“. Film Criticism. 12 (2): 42. ISSN 0163-5069. JSTOR 44077591.
- Ginn, Stephen (January 2015). “Screening Psychiatrists: The Good, the Bad, and the Dippy”. The Lancet Psychiatry. 2 (1): 26. doi:10.1016/s2215-0366(14)00140-0.
- “Biehn out of ‘Terminator 2‘“. Reading Eagle. July 1, 1991. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- “The Story About Making T2”. Terminatorfiles.com. 1991. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
- Rachel, Abramovitz (July 1991). “Premiere: A Kinder, Gentler Cyborg”. Terminatorfiles.com. Archived from the original on October 17, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- Chase, Donald (July 12, 1991). “He’s Big, He’s Back, and He’s Really a Pretty Nice Guy, Once You Get to Know Him”. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
- “Short Takes”. Cinefantastique. 21 (4): 12. February 1991. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
Terminator 2: Judgement Day began filming last October for Carolco Pictures and Tri-Star release, set for next summer.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day misc notes”. tcm.com. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) – Misc Notes. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 1:40.
- “Filming locations”. Terminatorfiles.com. August 12, 2011. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved January 12,2012.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day film locations”. Movie-locations.com. The Worldwide Guide to Movie Locations. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 4:43.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day film locations”. Movie-locations.com. The Worldwide Guide To Movie Locations. Archived from the original on December 27, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 4:33.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 11:17.
- “Terminator 2”. SciFlicks. Archived from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
- Donald, Chase; Svetkey, Benjamin (July 12, 1991). “Cash Flow”. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 21, 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
- Thomas, Bob (July 3, 1991). “Terminator 2: Judgment Day spend big bucks”. The Daily Sentinel. Associated Press. Retrieved January 8,2012.
- Henderson, David R. (March 18, 1996). “Fun and Games with Inflation in Which the Author Explains Why Cleopatra is the Most Expensive Movie Ever Made”. Fortune. CNN. Archived from the original on April 20, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
If you fail to account for inflation when you compare dollar amounts in different years, your numbers are gibberish. To compare accurately, you must convert all dollar amounts into same-year dollars. Adjusted for inflation, then, Cleopatra cost 219 million 1995 dollars, a solid 25% more than the reported high-end estimate of $175 million for Waterworld. E.T.’s gross revenues were 632 million 1995 dollars, vs. $2.11 billion for Gone With the Wind. In other words, GWTW outgrossed E.T. by more than 3 to 1.
- Jefferson, David (Spring 1993). “Visual Effects on Terminator 2”. Animatormag.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
- Hinson, Hal (July 3, 1991). “‘Terminator 2: Judgment Day’ (R)”. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
- Duncan & Cameron 2006, p. 126.
- Duncan & Cameron 2006, pp. 127, 131.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 28:44.
- “Academy Awards Database”. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. July 15, 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- Hudson & Marsh 1991, 23:40.
- ““Terminator 2: Judgment Day” Century City Premiere”. Life. July 1, 1991. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- ““Terminator 2: Judgment Day” Century City Premiere”. Life. July 1, 1991. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- “Schwarzenegger Love Child Scandal: Happier Times for Arnold, Maria Shriver [PHOTOS]”. International Business Times. May 17, 2011. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger and wife Maria Shriver arrive to the premiere of “Terminator 2: Judgment Day” in Century City, California July 1, 1991.
- “Box office / business for Terminator 2: Judgment Day”. Carolco Pictures. Internet Movie Database. 1991. Archived from the original on May 16, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- “Terminator 2: Judgement Day (1991)”. Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- “Terminator 2: Judgement Day Reviews”. Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day”. Montreal Film Journal. Archivedfrom the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- Field 1994, p. 113.
- Ebert, Roger (July 3, 1991). “‘Terminator 2: Judgment Day’ review by Roger Ebert”. Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Siskel, Gene (5 July 1991). “New-model `Terminator` Improves On Original”. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014.
- Halliwell’s Film Guide, 13th edition – ISBN 0-00-638868-X.
- Corliss, Richard (July 8, 1991). “Half A Terrific Terminator”. Time. Archived from the original on November 22, 2010. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Maltin, Leonard (2008). Leonard Maltin’s 2009 Movie Guide. Plume. ISBN 9780452289789. Archived from the original on 2017-04-05.
- Rohter, Larry (July 9, 1991). “Hollywood Shakes Off Box Office Doldrums”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2010. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
- Scott Mendelson (August 24, 2017). “‘Terminator 2′ Is One Of The Biggest And Bleakest Summer Movies Ever”. Forbes. Archivedfrom the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
- “Sony / Columbia All Time Box Office Results”. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 9, 2012. Retrieved January 12,2012.
- Fulwood (2003), p. 22.
- “The Terminator (1984)”. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved July 15, 2007.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)”. Box Office Mojo. Archivedfrom the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- “Film Nominations 1991”. Bafta.org. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. 1991. Archived from the original on May 12, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
- “Past Saturn Awards”. Saturnawards.org. Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- “People’s Choice Awards Winners & Nominees 1992”. Peopleschoice.com. Procter & Gamble. March 17, 1992. Archivedfrom the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- “1992 MTV Movie Awards”. MTV. June 10, 1992. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- “1992 Hugo Awards”. World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2010.
- Patrick Brzeski (December 15, 2015). “James Cameron, DMG Partner for ‘Terminator 2’ 3D Re-Release Targeting China (Exclusive)”. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- Entertainment Tonight (2017-08-11), EXCLUSIVE: The One Scene James Cameron Changed in ‘Terminator 2’ Re-Release: ‘It Just Bugged Me’, archived from the original on 2017-08-13, retrieved 2018-03-16
- “Terminator 2: Judgement Day 3D at Berlinale”. Archived from the original on 2017-03-23.
- “Terminator 2 3D Release Date Confirmed for Late Summer 2017”. Slashfilm. March 3, 2017. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
- Ian Failes (August 24, 2017). “Converting a Classic: How Stereo D Gave Terminator 2: Judgment Day a 3D Makeover”. VFX Voice. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- Brian Brooks (August 25, 2017). “3D ‘Terminator 2’ Invades AMC Theaters; Jack Lowden Is Morrissey In ‘England Is Mine’ – Specialty Box Office Preview”. Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 25, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
- “August 25 – 27, 2017”. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 28, 2017. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- Brian Brooks (August 27, 2017). “‘Beach Rats’ Seduces In Debut, ‘Terminator 2: Judgment Day 3D’ Starts Slow – Specialty Box Office”. Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 27, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
- Scott Mendelson (August 26, 2017). “Box Office: ‘Leap,’ ‘Birth Of The Dragon’ And ‘Terminator 2’ All Bomb On Friday”. Forbes. Archivedfrom the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
- Scott Mendelson (August 27, 2017). “Box Office: ‘Leap’ Tops Weak Newbies, ‘Terminator 2’ Stumbles In 3D”. Forbes. Archived from the original on August 27, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
- Anthony D’Alessandro (August 27, 2017). “Don’t Blame Hurricane Harvey & Showtime Fight For Weekend’s Lousy Box Office: Distribs Served Up Lackluster Titles”. Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 28, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
- Scott Mendelson (August 28, 2017). “‘Game Of Thrones’ Didn’t Cause The Worst Box Office Frame In 16 Years”. Forbes. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- Skipper, Elizabeth (June 17, 2003). “DVD Verdict Review – Terminator 2: Judgment Day: Extreme Edition”. DVD Verdict. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
- Bracke, Peter M. (May 7, 2009). “Terminator 2: Judgment Day – Skynet Edition (Blu-ray)”. Highdefdigest.com. Archived from the original on January 22, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
- Sciretta, Peter (March 23, 2009). “Cool Stuff: Limited Edition Terminator 2 Complete Collector’s Set”. Slashfilm.com. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
- “StudioCanal: Remastered Terminator 2 Prepped for 4K Blu-ray, 3D/2D Blu-ray Also Coming Up”. Blu-ray.com. 2017-07-18. Archived from the original on 2017-07-18.
- “Terminator 2”. Dynamic Forces. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
- Graeme McMillan (May 8, 2015). “‘Terminator 2′ Unused Epilogue Gave Everyone the Happy Ending They Wanted (Video)”. The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Robert, Firsching. “Terminator 2: 3-D”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved August 25,2010.
This 12-minute short […] cost $60 million to produce, making it the most expensive venture per minute in movie history.
- “Terminator 2 3D”. DVD Vision. Retrieved January 10,2012.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day – Original…” Billboard. Archivedfrom the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- “America’s Most Heart-Pounding Movies” (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 19, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Heroes and Villains” (PDF) (Press release). American Film Institute. June 2003. Archived from the original (PDF)on August 7, 2011. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
- “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Heroes & Villains”. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 7,2012.
- “AFI’s 100 Years…100 ‘Movie Quotes‘“ (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movie Quotes” (PDF) (Press release). American Film Institute. June 21, 2005. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
- “Total Film Presents The Top 100 Movies Of All Time”. Total Film. October 17, 2006. Archived from the original on December 22, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- “Empire Magazine’s 500 Greatest Movies Ever Made”. Empire. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved January 7,2012.
- American Film Institute (June 17, 2008). “AFI Crowns Top 10 Films in 10 Classic Genres”. ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on July 25, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
- “Top 25 Sci-Fi Movies of All Time”. IGN. September 14, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- “Empire Magazine’s The 50 Greatest Ever Movie Sequels – 3. Terminator 2: Judgment Day”. Empire. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- “50 Sequels That Were Better Than The Original”. Total Film. April 9, 2012. Archived from the original on February 5, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- “Revenge of the Movie: 15 Sequels That Are Way Better Than The Originals”. Playboy. March 15, 2016. Archived from the original on July 26, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- “Top Five Sequels of All Time”. RichardRoeper.com. Archivedfrom the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Thrills” (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Heroes & Villains” (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movie Quotes” (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 8, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- “AFI’s 10 Top 10: Top 10 Sci-fi”. American Film Institute. Archivedfrom the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- Spheeris, Penelope (Director) (February 14, 1992). Wayne’s World(DVD). United States: Paramount Pictures. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011.
- McTiernan, John (Director) (June 18, 1993). Last Action Hero(DVD). United States: Columbia Pictures. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011.
- Abrahams, Jim (Director) (May 21, 1993). Hot Shots! Part Deux(DVD). United States: 20th century Fox. Archived from the original on September 25, 2011.
- “Terminator 2: Judgment Day Depth and Complexity”. jamescamerononline.com. Retrieved February 19,2018.
- on YouTube. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
- Matt Groening (March 17, 1994). “Homer Loves Flanders“. The Simpsons. Season 5. Episode 16. Fox.
- Matt Groening (October 29, 1995). “Treehouse of Horror VI“. The Simpsons. Season 7. Episode 6. Fox.
- Matt Groening (December 3, 1995). “The Simpsons 138th Episode Spectacular“. The Simpsons. Season 7. Episode 10. Fox.
- Matt Groening (February 18, 2001). “Day of the Jackanapes“. The Simpsons. Season 12. Episode 13. Fox.
- Seth MacFarlane, Josh Bycel & Jonathan Fener (September 10, 2006). “Camp Refoogee“. American Dad!. Season 2. Episode 1. Fox.
- Seth MacFarlane, Murray Miller & Judah Miller (February 14, 2010). “May the Best Stan Win“. American Dad!. Season 5. Episode 12. Fox.
- Hayes, Britt (January 20, 2014). “‘The LEGO Movie’ International Spot: “Come With Me if You Wanna Not Die!““. Screen Crush. Archived from the original on February 19, 2014. Retrieved July 9,2015.
- “WWE 2K16 Terminator 2 Reenactment”. IGN. Archived from the original on 2015-08-14. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- Duncan, Jody; Cameron, James (2006). The Winston Effect: The Art & History of Stan Winston Studio. London: Titan Books. ISBN 1-84576-365-3.
- Field, Syd (1994). Four screenplays: Studies in the American Screenplay. Dell Trade. ISBN 0-440-50490-2.
- Hudson, David G.; Marsh, Ed W. (Directors) (1991). The Making of ‘Terminator 2: Judgment Day’ (Television production). Beverly Hills, California: Carolco Pictures.
- Andrews, Nigel (2003). True Myths: The Life and Times of Arnold Schwarzenegger. Secaucus, New Jersey: Carol Publishing. ISBN 1-55972-364-5.
- Cameron, James; Wisher, William (1991). Terminator 2: Judgment Day : the book of the film, an illustrated screenplay. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Applause Books. ISBN 978-1-55783-097-5.
- Keegan, Rebecca Winters (2009). The Futurist: The Life and Films of James Cameron. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 978-0-307-46031-8.
- Shay, Don; Duncan, Jody (July 1991). The Making of Terminator 2: Judgment Day. London: Titan Books. ISBN 978-1-85286-394-4.